Goose Breeds: Breeding Geese and Selecting a Breed of Goose

Whether you’re breeding geese for fun or profit, or simply interested in goose breeds, it’s very important to know how to choose the right breed of goose. There are dozens of geese breeds, each with its own goose breed characteristics. When it comes to breeding geese or starting to raise geese, it all comes down to finding the right goose breed for you!

The Basics of Breeding Geese: Finding a Goose Breed

In this raising geese article on finding a goose breed, we’ll focus on nine commonly found goose breeds—Toulouse goose breed, Emden goose breed, Chinese goose breed, African goose breed, Canada goose breed, Pilgrim goose breed, Buff goose breed, Sebastopol goose breed, and the Egyptian goose breed. Of those, the Toulouse, Emden and African geese breeds are the more popular goose breeds, along with the Chinese, Canada, Buff, Pilgrim, Sebastopol and Egyptian goose breeds. Use this breeding page to find the right goose breed for your backyard geese hobby!

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Toulouse Goose Breed

This French goose breed is great for goose meat production. The Toulouse goose breed is large with dark gray plumage, brown eyes and an orange goose bill. Males grow to 26 pounds and female Toulouse geese grow to 20 pounds. The Toulouse goose was officially recognized as a goose breed in 1874.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Emden Goose Breed

This German goose breed is one of the oldest goose breeds to be brought to the U.S. by immigrants. The Emden goose breed is excellent for goose egg layers and is often a choice for backyard goose hobbyists interested in raising geese for eggs. The Emden goose breed is skinnier than the Toulouse goose breed and boasts white plumage. Emden geese can get as heavy as 26 pounds (male Emden geese) and 20 pounds (female Emden geese). The Emden goose was recognized as a breed of goose back in 1874—the same year as the Toulouse goose breed.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: African Goose Breed

This unique-looking goose breed stands taller than the Toulouse and Emden goose breeds with brown plumage, dark beak and a knob on its head. African geese breeds make very good layers for goose eggs. African geese were first recognized as a goose breed in 1874. The weight of these geese are slightly smaller than the previous two goose breeds—males grow to 20 pounds and female African geese reach 18 pounds.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Canada Goose Breed

The Canada goose is found all across the North American continent and can weigh up to a whopping 12 pounds! To raise Canada geese, Canada geese farmers need to apply for a Canada goose owndership permit from the Fish and Wildlife Service of the U.S. federal government. Canada geese were first recognized as a goose breed in 1883.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Chinese Goose Breed

The Chinese goose breed is quite a bit smaller than any of the other goose breeds (except the Egyptian goose). Chinese geese can grow as large as 12 pounds (male Chinese geese) and 10 pounds (female Chinese geese).

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Buff Goose Breed

The Buff geese breed is moderately good for meat, but not for laying. The color of the Buff goose’s feathers correspond with the Buff geese breed’s name. Buff geese are one of the more recently recognized goose breeds, first being recognized 50 years ago in 1947. Male Buff geese grow to 18 pounds in weight; females of the Buff breed can grow as heavy as 16 pounds.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Pilgrim Goose Breed

The Pilgrim goose is great for meat. The plumage of the Pilgrom geese differ by gender: Pilgrim goose males are white while the Pilgrim goose females are gray. Pilgrim geese were recognized as a goose breed in 1939 with a respective male/female weight of 14 pounds and 13 pounds, respectively.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Sebastopol Goose Breed

The white Sebastopol goose is raised mostly for ornamental purposes due to its fancy feathers.

Breeding Geese and Goose Breeds: Egyptian Goose Breed

The Egyptian goose is a tiny goose. Like the Sebastopol goose, the gray-and-black Egyptian geese are raised mostly for ornamental reasons.